Export of High Value Crops from Bangladesh

Introduction
Bangladesh, in full, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is a country of southern Asia situated in the northeastern portion of the Indian subcontinent and bordered on the west, north and east by India, on the southeast by Myanmar and on the south by the Bay of Bengal. The area of the country is 147,570 sq. km (56,977 sq. miles) with a population of about 150 million.

Bangladesh Agriculture at a Glance
Bangladesh is predominantly an agricultural country. Agriculture plays a dominant role in its economy in terms of sustainable land management, food security, value addition, employment and export earnings. Agriculture is the single largest land resource exploring sector. In recent years, there has been a substantial increase in food grain production. Agricultural holding in Bangladesh is generally small but use of modern technology, machinery and equipment is gradually increasing.

Table 1: Bangladesh Agriculture at a Glance

Particulars

Status

Total Household

28.69 million

Total Agricultural Household

15.18 million

Total Cultivable Area

8.53 million ha

Total Irrigated Area

7.06 million ha

Major Crops

Rice, Jute, Wheat, Maize, Potato, Vegetables, Fruits, Pulses, Sugarcane, Spices and Tea etc.

Cropping Intensity

191%

Total Cropped Area

15.08 million ha

Contribution of Agriculture Sector to National GDP

18.70% (FY2012-13) Projected  

Contribution of Fisheries Sector to National GDP

4.39% (FY2011-12)

Contribution of Livestock Sector to National GDP

2.51% (FY2011-12)

Labor Force in Agriculture

25.72 million (Crop, Forestry, Fisheries & Livestock)

Total Cereal Crops Production

37.266 million metric tons (FY2012-13)

Source: Ministry of Agriculture/BBS 2013, DAE/AIS 2013

 Bangladesh Horticulture at a Glance
Bangladesh climate (both tropical and sub-tropical) and soils are suitable for wide range of horticultural crops cultivation. High and medium high lands are mostly suitable for fruits and vegetables production. More than 100 vegetables, 70 fruits and 60 spices are produced represented by different species and varieties.Some major vegetables are egg plants, cucurbits, yard long bean, okra, radish, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, beans, aroids, carrot, leafy vegetables etc., fruits namely various kinds of citrus, jackfruit, mango, pine apple, papaya, guava, banana, melon, water melon, litchi, ber, hog plum etc. and spices namely onion, garlic, ginger, turmeric, green chili and coriander etc.
Growing seasons are winter, summer and year round of distinct varieties and species. Vegetables are surfeit in winter and fruits in summer. Farming is blending of indigenous and improved varieties and technologies. Liberal seed policy facilitated introduction of exotic varieties/hybrids and strengthened research program of research institute and agricultural universities, promoted more development of varieties/hybrids of horticultural crops. Horticultural crops have market value both in domestic and export markets.

HORTEX SUPPORTED EXPORT GROWTH OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES IN BANGLADESH

About 100 types of fruits and vegetables are exported from Bangladesh to more than 40 countries in the world. Export of fresh fruits and vegetables from Bangladesh significantly increased from 50.71million$ in FY2008-09 to 182.23million$ in FY2012-13. In FY2012-13, fresh vegetables export market comprises Middle East countries about 50% (Saudi Arabia 25.72%, UAE 7.61%, Kuwait 6.97%, Qatar 6.97%, Bahrain 1.39%, Oman 0.92%), EU region 31.24% (UK 24.63%, Italy 4.75%, France 0.88%, Germany 0.48%, Sweden 0.25%, Greece and others country 0.25%), Far East countries 13.62% (Malaysia 10.57%, Singapore 3.05%) and other countries 5.14% . On the other hand, fresh fruits export market comprises India 93.94%, Middle East countries 4.3% (Saudi Arabia 1.5%, Kuwait 1.60%, Qatar 0.50%, UAE 0.50%, Bahrain 0.20%), EU region 0.42% and other countries 1.34%. Fresh fruits and vegetables export values from FY2008-09 to FY2012-13 are shown below in Table 2.

 
Table 2: Export growth of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Fiscal
Year

Quantity Exported (MT)

Export Value
(in Million US$)

Export Growth
(%)

2008-09

24670

50.71

-

2009-10

29370

64.21

(+) 26.62

2010-11

48428

109.41

(+) 70.39

2011-12

59573*

134.59

(+) 23.01

2012-13

80660*

182.23

(+) 35.39

Source: Export Promotion Bureau (EPB) and data analysis by Hortex Foundation 2013
Note: *Quantity estimated by Hortex Foundation as per average export value @ 2259.23$/MT on FY2010-11 due to export quantity data is not available from FY2011-12.
Table 2 reveals that growth of export value from the last five years is significantly increased. The export value during FY2012-13 increased 35.39% over the previous FY2011-12. Hortex Foundation had direct and indirect role in these export achievements. This increasing export trend needs to be improved further by necessary support.

EXPORT GROWTH OF POTATO IN BANGLADESH 

Table 3: Export growth of potato in Bangladesh

Fiscal
Year

Quantity exported
(MT)

Export value
(million US$)

2011-12

34232

8.50

2012-13

41830

10.93

2013-14
(up to July-December 2013)

10750

5.50

Source: EPB 2014

Potato utilization in respect of fresh consumption, processed products and export should be improved to reduce our dependency on rice, diversify diets and earn more foreign currency. For the interest of potato farmers, exporters, processing industry and national food security, Hortex Foundation should be technically and financially strengthened to render more market intelligence support and necessary service/advise to the exporters, farmers, suppliers and other stakeholders involved in the potato supply chain.

But export potentials of fresh as well as processed agro-commodities are not yet fully exploited to earn more foreign currency. Institutional strengthening of Hortex Foundation including other agencies involved in agro-commodities export promotion is now imperative.

 

Hortex is an environmental friendly organization and involved in green revolution in Bangladesh through plantation.

   
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Horticulture Export Development Foundation (Hortex Foundation)
Sech Bhaban (3rd Floor, Western Side), 22 Manik Mia Avenue,

Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
Telephone:+88-02-9125181(Direct),

+88-02-9125926,9138768,9101065(PABX)

Fax: +88-02-9125181,9141331

Email: hortex@hortex.org

Website: www.hortex.org