Export of High Value Crops from Bangladesh

Introduction
Bangladesh, in full, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is a country of southern Asia situated in the northeastern portion of the Indian subcontinent and bordered on the west, north and east by India, on the southeast by Myanmar and on the south by the Bay of Bengal. The area of the country is 147,570 sq. km (56,977 sq. miles) with a population of about 150 million.

Bangladesh Agriculture at a Glance
Bangladesh is predominantly an agricultural country. Agriculture plays a dominant role in its economy in terms of sustainable land management, food security, value addition, employment and export earnings. Agriculture is the single largest land resource exploring sector. In recent years, there has been a substantial increase in food grain production. Agricultural holding in Bangladesh is generally small but use of modern technology, machinery and equipment is gradually increasing.
Table 1: Bangladesh Agriculture at a Glance


Particulars

Status

Total Cultivable Area

9.1 million ha

Total Irrigated Area

6.4 million ha

Major Crops

Rice, Jute, Wheat, Maize, Potato, Vegetables, Fruits, Pulses, Sugarcane, Spices and Tea etc.

Cropping Intensity

181%

Total Cropped Area

14.5 million ha

Contribution of Agriculture Sector to National GDP

20.24% (Crop Individual 14%)

Contribution of Fisheries Sector to National GDP

3.74%

Contribution of Livestock Sector to National GDP

2.67%

Labor Force in Agriculture

48.1%

Total Cereal Crops Production (FY2010)

35.8 million metric tons

Total Non-cereal Crops Production (FY2010)

28.4 million metric tons

Total Crop Production (FY2010)

64.2 million metric tons

Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), DAE, Bangladesh Bank, DLS, DOF

 Bangladesh Horticulture at a Glance
Bangladesh climate (both tropical and sub-tropical) and soils are suitable for wide range of horticultural crops cultivation. High and medium high lands are mostly suitable for fruits and vegetables production. More than 100 vegetables, 70 fruits and 60 spices are produced represented by different species and varieties. Vegetable production is 2.9 million tons from 0.356 million ha while fruit production is 4.2 million tons from 0.142 million ha of land. Some major vegetables are egg plants, cucurbits, yard long bean, okra, radish, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, beans, aroids, carrot, leafy vegetables etc., fruits namely various kinds of citrus, jackfruit, mango, pine apple, papaya, guava, banana, melon, water melon, litchi, ber, hog plum etc. and spices namely onion, garlic, ginger, turmeric, green chili and coriander etc.
Growing seasons are winter, summer and year round of distinct varieties and species. Vegetables are surfeit in winter and fruits in summer. Farming is blending of indigenous and improved varieties and technologies. Liberal seed policy facilitated introduction of exotic varieties/hybrids and strengthened research program of research institute and agricultural universities, promoted more development of varieties/hybrids of horticultural crops. Horticultural crops have market value both in domestic and export markets.

Current Export Performance of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
More than 100 horticultural crops are exported from Bangladesh. Export of fresh fruits and vegetables (FFVs) from Bangladesh increased from 9,000 tons in 1992-93 to 48428 tons in 2010-2011.  The volume and value of fruits and vegetables from 2004-2011 are shown in Table 2.
The major export market comprises UK (46%), Italy (8%), other EU countries (3%) and Middle East countries (43%). More than 50 fresh fruits and vegetables are exported to UK alone. Exports are targeted for ethnic market. Besides, fresh fruits and vegetables, frozen products about 250-300 tons at a value of about 3 million US$ are exported for both ethnic and mainstream markets.
Table 2: Present Export Performance of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables in Bangladesh


Fiscal
Year

Quantity Exported
(MT)

Export Value
(000’ US$)

2004-05

29100

46410

2005-06

19460

39590

2006-07

19805

40530

2007-08

33626

69120

2008-09

24670

50710

2009-10

29370

64210

2010-11

48428

109410

Source: Export Promotion Bureau (EPB), 2011, Bangladesh

 

Hortex is an environmental friendly organization and involved in green revolution in Bangladesh through plantation.

   
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